Albert Einstein is perhaps the best-known scientist of the 20th century. He received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921 and his theories of special and general relativity are of great importance to many branches of physics and astronomy. He is well known for his theories about light, matter, gravity, space and time. His most famous idea is that energy and mass are different forms of the same thing.
Einstein was born in Wurttemberg, Germany on 14th March 1879. His family was Jewish but he had not been very religious in his youth although he became very interested in Judaism in later life.
It is well documented that Einstein did not begin speaking until after the age of three. In fact, he found speaking so difficult that his family were worried that he would never start to speak. When Einstein was four years old, his father gave him a magnetic compass. It was this compass that inspired him to explore the world of science. He wanted to understand why the needle always pointed north whichever way he turned the compass. It looked as if the needle was moving itself. But the needle was inside a closed case, so no other force (such as the wind) could have been moving it. And this is how Einstein became interested in studying science and mathematics.
In fact, he was so clever that at the age of 12 he taught himself Euclidean geometry. At fifteen, he went to school in Munich which he found very boring. he finished secondary school in Aarau, Switzerland and entered the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich from which he graduated in 1900. But Einstein did not like the teaching there either. He often missed classes and used the time to study physics on his own or to play the
Do the following statements agree with the information given in the text?
For questions 1-8, write:
TRUE------if the statement agrees with the information
FALSE------if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN------If there is no information on this
1 ________ The general theory of relativity is a very important theory in modern physics.
2 ________ Einstein had such difficulty with language that those around him thought he would never learn how to speak.
3 ________ It seemed to Einstein that nothing could be pushing the needle of the compass around except the wind.
4 ________ Einstein enjoyed the teaching methods in Switzerland.
5 ________ Einstein taught himself how to play the violin.
6 ________ His daughter died of schizophrenia when she was two.
7 ________ The existence of a daughter only became known to the world between 1897 and 1903.
8 ________ In 1933 Einstein moved to the United States where he became an American citizen.